I can’t believe how incredible my skin looks after Dr. Summers did laser resurfacing for me. Love, love, love it!
– K. V
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– Barbara F.
What is Eczema
Eczema is a skin conditions in which the skin cannot protect itself as well as it should, so the person often gets itchy, dry skin. Eczema causes itchy, dry skin. People also develop small, deep-seated blisters, usually on their hands. It’s also possible to develop blisters on your feet.
Whether on your hands, feet, of both, the blisters are often very itchy and painful. When the blisters clear, the skin tends to be red, dry, and cracked. For many people, Eczema flares when they’re under a lot of stress, temperatures rise such as in spring or summer, or their hands stay wet for long periods of time.
Eczema flares range from mild to debilitating. A severe flare on your feet can make walking difficult. Having many blisters on your hands can make it difficult to work and perform everyday tasks like shampooing your hair and washing dishes.
What to expect
When eczema flares, a dermatologist can diagnose it by looking at your skin. Your dermatologist will also ask about your medical history, work, hobbies, and recent stress level.
If your dermatologist thinks that the eczema could be due to an allergy, an allergy test called patch testing may be recommended. During patch testing, small amounts of substances that you may be allergic to are placed on your skin, often the skin on your back.
Your treatment plan will be designed to treat your signs and symptoms. You may be responsible for doing much of the treatment at home. It is important to carefully follow your treatment plan, which may include several of the following:
- Soaks and cool compresses: Soaks or cool compresses that you apply 2 to 4 times a day can be very effective for drying blisters. You apply these for 15 minutes at a time.
After each soak or cool compress, you’ll likely need to apply a medicated cream or ointment, such as a corticosteroid.
- Corticosteroid that you apply to your skin: This can reduce the inflammation and clear the blisters.
- Anti-itch medicine: An antihistamine pill or other anti-itch medicine can reduce scratching. Anything you can do to reduce scratching is helpful because scratching tends to worsen.
- Pramoxine (pra mox’ een): A cream or lotion containing this can relieve itch and pain.
- Moisturizer or a barrier repair cream: Your dermatologist will recommend a moisturizer or barrier repair cream. These can reduce dryness and flares of DE.It’s important to apply the product after each shower, bath, and hand washing.
- Medicine to treat an infection: The skin with DE can get infected. Before prescribing this medicine, your dermatologist will first determine what type of infection you have.
If the above treatments fail to work or you have severe DE, your dermatologist may recommend one of the following:
Botulinum toxin: These injections, which are given in a dermatologist’s office, bring some patients relief because botulinum toxin temporarily relaxes the muscles and stops excessive sweating.
Botulinum toxin is FDA approved to treat wrinkles and excessive sweating in the underarms — but not DE. It’s legal to prescribe a medicine for a condition other than its FDA-approved use. This is called “off-label” use, which can be very helpful for some patients.
Draining large blisters in the office. Draining blisters is safe and effective when performed in a dermatologist’s office, but you should not drain your own blisters. Attempting this at home can lead to an infection, which can worsen DE and prevent clearing.
Corticosteroid that works throughout the body: For a severe case, a corticosteroid pill or injection may be prescribed.
Light treatments: This treatment exposes the skin with DE to ultraviolet (UV) light for a prescribed amount of time. Under a dermatologist’s care, light treatment can be a safe and effective treatment for DE. In one study, more than 90% of patients report good to excellent results after 6 to 8 weeks of treatment.
It’s extremely important to get these treatments at a hospital, clinic, or your dermatologist’s office. Trying to treat your skin by using a tanning bed is not recommended.
Changing your diet: Sometimes, DE continues to flare despite all you do to treat it. If this happens, your dermatologist may recommend a change to your diet.
Eliminating foods that contain nickel or cobalt helps some people. Many foods contain nickel or cobalt. If you are allergic to either, your dermatologist can tell you how to change your diet.
Other treatments than the ones listed here can also be helpful. Your dermatologist can tell you what treatment may be best for you.
Frequently Asked Questions About Treat Eczema:
Click on a question below to see the answer.
Q: Will my Eczema spread so much?
A: Not necessary. Some cases of Eczema may remain mild for ever while some tend to spread. Not all cases are likely to have extensive Eczema.
Q: Why is my Eczema worse at time?
A: This is what is known as an eczema “flare.” Flares are generally caused by triggers, which can be substances or conditions that worsen dry skin, such as dry skin, irritants, rough fabrics such as wool, emotional stress, heat and sweating.
Q: I am suffering from Eczema; what precautions should I take?
A: Keep the skin moist by applying oil or moisturizer, bath less frequently, avoid using soaps and tight cloths, try to reduce mental and physical stress, avoid certain food and allergens. Contact us right away to have your Eczema treated the right way.
Q: Are Respiratory disorders and Eczema interrelated?
A: Eczema and Respiratory disorders both are allergic conditions. In most cases, these two diseases alternate in occurrence. But it is not the fixed rule. However, these two are different condition and should be treated separately.